BORDERS-6a/Legislation Background Info, News Articles
BORDERS-6a LEGISLATION-Background Info, News (partial list; also see Legislation for any related topics) Some Related Websites o Congress dot gov o CBP: Customs and Border Protection Public Laws Testimony-CBP 117th Congress Legislation -Borders, Immigration o Background Legislation Administrative Procedure Act (June 11, 1946) IRCA Immigration Reform & Control Act (IRCA) Articles on Border Protection Legislation o 2021 o 2019 Sanctuary Cities: Cassidy, et al on stopping them Border Protection Act of 2012 PUBLIC LAW 112–127—JUNE 5, 2012 112th Congress To reduce the trafficking of drugs and to prevent human smuggling across the Southwest Border by deterring the construction and use of border tunnels. 112/127.pdf#:~:text=Border%20tunnels%20are %20most%20often%20used%20to%20transp ort,be%20used%20to%20transport%20peopl e%20and%20other%20contraband.
BORDERS SECTION 1a-General 1b-Checkpoints, States 2-2021 Border Issues 3-Agencies linked to BP 4-Lawsuits Border/Immig. 5-Terms 6-Legislation o 6a-General, News o 6b Bills 7-Sanctuary Cities 8-Tunnels Smuggling 9-Links List Related Subjects Legislation-1 Bills Brief List La Raza Human Trafficking Tunnels-Smuggling Ports As Security Risks Funding Arenas: 1 Slush 2 Donations 3 Terrorism 4 George Soros 5 Grants 6 Lawsuits ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SOME RELATED WEBSITES Congress dot gov CBP: Customs and Border Protection Public Laws 115th Congress US Customs and Border Protection-Public Laws-112th-115th Congress, January 3, 2011 -January 3, 2019; https://www.cbp.gov/about/congressional-resources/references-reports/public-laws Testimony-CBP 117th Congress, from January 3, 2021-January 2, 2023 CBP Testimony - 117th Congress Congress often asks CBP leadership and management to testify about the agency’s operations and activities related to border security, trade, and travel. This page includes Congressional testimony from the current session, the 117th Congress, from January 3, 2021-January 2, 2023. For previous testimony, please visit the Congressional Testimony Archive. https://www.cbp.gov/about/congressional-resources/testimony LEGISLATION-Borders, Immigration Background Legislation Administrative Procedure Act United States The Administrative Procedure Act, Pub.L. 79–404, 60 Stat. 237, enacted June 11, 1946, is the United States federal statute that governs the way in which administrative agencies of the federal government of the United States may propose and establish regulations and grants U.S. federal courts oversight over all agency actions. According to Hickman & Pier… Wikipedia https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/administrative_procedure_act Administrative Procedure Act. Primary tabs. Definition. A federal statute that governs the procedures and practices of administrative law. § 3 of the APA, 5 USC § 552, addresses the procedural formalities that agencies must employ when making decisions. IRCA Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) a 1986 law FAIR March 2020 Illegal Aliens Taking U.S. Jobs https://www.fairus.org/issue/workforce-economy/illegal-aliens-taking-us-jobs Many illegal aliens come to the United States seeking an opportunity to work, and many are welcomed with open arms by U.S. employers who are able to hire them for wages lower than they would have to pay to hire U.S. workers. Although this employment is illegal under a 1986 law – known as the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) – some employers ignore the law and knowingly hire illegal workers nonetheless. Others do not properly vet employment documents and hire the illegal workers who apply using fake documents. This practice is made easier because there is no requirement to verify documents presented by workers, and because E-Verify remains voluntary on a nationwide basis, employers can rather easily evade compliance. ARTICLES ON BORDER PROTECTION LEGISLATION (Borders, Immigration, Amnesty, etc) MORE INFO (Found in Legislation-5) Rep. Mike Gallagher Wisconsin -Republican - Immigration Rep. Dan Crenshaw - Texas 2nd District - Republican - Immigration Mike Johnson see below 2021 (Articles linked to Border Related Legislation) November 2021 News Max 2021/11/15 Arizona Leaders Slam Sen. Mark Kelly's 'Lip Service' on Border Crisis. es) By Charlie McCarthy https://www.newsmax.com/us/arizona-mark-kelly-law-enforcement-border/2021/11/15/id/1044701/ October 2021 The Center Square Arizona Republicans continue to hammer Biden on border crisis By Cole Lauterbach | The Center Square Oct 27, 2021 https://www.thecentersquare.com/arizona/arizona-republicans-continue-to-hammer-biden-on-border-crisis/article_c6d72d02-376c- 11ec-bdb3-bbf21ba6328a.html Georgia Star News 2021/10/08 Georgia U.S. Rep. Andrew Clyde Probes Why Illegal Immigrants Don’t Have to Produce Negative COVID-19 Tests Chris Butler https://georgiastarnews.com/2021/10/08/georgia-u-s-rep-andrew-clyde-probes-why-illegal-immigrants-dont-have-to-produce- negativ September 2021 Texas Tribune 2021/09/17 Bill tripling Texas’ border security budget and allocating $750 million to wall construction becomes law Gov. Greg Abbott said Texas was stepping up to do the federal government’s job after Biden’s immigration policies had “opened the floodgates” to illegal immigration and crime. By James Barragan https://www.texastribune.org/2021/09/17/texas-border-wall-security-budget-abbott/ Legislative Leader Input 2021 July 2021 H.R. 4209-DHS Illicit Cross-Border Tunnel Defense Act Concho Valley 2021/07/29 Rep. Pfluger’s bill to seal tunnels between U.S. and Mexico advanced by House Committee on Homeland Security by: Senora Scott https://www.conchovalleyhomepage.com/news/local-news/rep-pflugers-bill-to-seal-tunnels-between-u-s-and-mexico-advanced-by- house-committee-on-homeland-security/ The bill is called the DHS Illicit Cross-Border Tunnel Defense Act (H.R. 4209). Pfluger says this bill aims to help secure the southern border by developing a plan and providing funding. Pfluger says the funding will help with resources, training, and technology. June 2021 Republicans Homeland House 2021/06/11 “Enhancing Border Security: Addressing Corruption in Central America.” https://republicans-homeland.house.gov/meijer-opening-statement-in-oversight-hearing/ February 2021 Mike Johnson 2021/02/03 The Asylum Reform and Border Protection Act Introduced by: Rep Mike Johnson (House) State: Louisiana To strengthen border security, considers wilderness lands not policed https://mikejohnson.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=803 “America is the most compassionate nation in the world, but our immigration system is broken. Reforming that system is a job for Congress, and any balanced legislative approach has to include measures to strengthen border security,” Johnson said. “These bills will help make our southern border less porous and help ensure that our asylum system is reserved for those truly seeking refuge in America from violence or persecution.” https //mikejohnson house gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=803 2019 Cassidy dot senate dot gov 2019/05/23 Cassidy, Colleagues Introduce Bill to End Dangerous Sanctuary City Policies https://www.cassidy.senate.gov/newsroom/press-releases/cassidy-colleagues-introduce-bill-to-end-dangerous-sanctuary- city-policies_ Excerpt: U.S. Senators Bill Cassidy, M.D. (R-LA), Pat Toomey (R-PA), Tom Cotton (R-AR) and John Kennedy (R-LA) today reintroduced the Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act, legislation to end dangerous sanctuary city policies that forbid local law enforcement from cooperating with federal immigration authorities. The Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act would withhold certain funds from "sanctuary cities"—jurisdictions that forbid their local law enforcement officers from cooperating with federal immigration officials, even when they wish to do so. “If cities defy federal law, as designed to protect Americans from criminals, there must be consequences,” said Dr. Cassidy. “Putting an end to the dangerous practice of so-called Sanctuary Cities will help keep Americans safe and keep criminals off the streets.” "It is past time to put an end to dangerous sanctuary city policies," said Senator Toomey. "These policies - like the ones in Philadelphia and San Francisco - make it harder to stop illegal immigration and keep dangerous criminals off the streets. Sanctuary cities extend a special protection to illegal immigrants even when federal immigration officials identity them as a threat to public safety. This is simply inexcusable, and I urge my colleagues to help pass this commonsense measure." "Sanctuary cities keep criminal aliens on our streets, and we will no longer tolerate their willful defiance of our nation's laws," said Senator Cotton. "Public safety must come first. If you're not following the law, you shouldn't get taxpayer dollars, period." "Sanctuary cities like San Francisco, Seattle and New York happily accept federal money, but they are just as eager to ignore our nation's immigration laws," said Senator Kennedy. "These liberal cities actively impede federal immigration enforcement efforts, which only encourages more illegal immigration. I'm a proud co-sponsor of the Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act because it sends a clear message to these cities that if they choose to ignore the rule of law, they don't deserve hard-earned taxpayer dollars." The Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act is also cosponsored by Senators Marsha Blackburn (R-TN), Roy Blunt (R-MO), John Boozman (R-AR), Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV), Bill Cassidy (R-LA), Tom Cotton (R-AR), Ted Cruz (R-TX), Steve Daines (R-MT), Chuck Grassley (R-IA), John Hoeven (R-ND), Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS), Jim Inhofe (R-OK), Ron Johnson (R-WS), John Kennedy (R- LA), Rand Paul (R-KY), David Perdue (R-GA), Jim Risch (R-ID), and Thom Tillis (R-NC). Companion legislation was introduced in the House of Representatives by Congressman Tom McClintock (R-CA). The legislation also addresses court decisions that may leave local police and municipalities liable when they assist the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) but the DHS has made an error. The measure preserves an individual's right to sue if a law enforcement officer commits any violation of the individual's civil or constitutional rights. However, this measure ensures that if the federal government committed the error or violated a right, the individual sues the federal government, not a local official acting in good faith and in compliance with a request from the DHS. The legislation also provides a safe harbor for jurisdictions that do not cooperate with federal immigration officials with regard to persons in the country illegally who come forward as victims or witnesses to a crime. The legislation is supported by: Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association International Union of Police Associations, AFL-CIO National Association of Police Organizations https://www.cassidy.senate.gov/newsroom/press-releases/cassidy-colleagues-introduce-bill-to-end-dangerous-sanctuary- city-policies_ Updates: 2022/06/20 2019 articles section-Casssidy-End Sanctuary Cities; 2022/06/18 Borders-Legislation6 separated into 6a-General and 6b-Bills; 2022/06/17-18 HR 3189, 4828; HR 4209 update 4/2022; 2022/05/28 cleared excess bold; 2022/03/06 editing; 2021/11/20 further adding, organizing-Articles on Border Protection section added; 2021/11/19 editing, organizing, updates, worked on bills; 2021/11/16 moved content from Legislation/Borders to Borders/Legislation (here); 2021/11/14 PAGE STARTED Borders-Legislation