POLICE FACTOR
CARTELS & GANGS
Updates: 2019/07/22 SNM section added with Justice dot com-2015/12/04 article on it added; some overall editing, organizational changes incl. moving search and seizure to its own page.  2019/06/14 cartel section moved from River GOLD (rivergold.net) to Police Factor.  2019/01/01 Org. Retail Crime-Albq Jrnl-2017/11/02;  (05/29/2018 Gangs & Religion- Catholic/LA Times Gangs & Their God; 08/04/2017 New Mexican Mafia corrections/az; 08/02/2017 MSN on MS-13; 07/01/2017; 06/30/2017; 05/28/2017; 05/21/2017; 05/20/2017; 03/17/2017 IN THIS SECTION Cultural Contexts:   Occult      Religion     Systems Approach Gangs by Name:  Jalisco     La Santa Muerte     MS-13    New Mexican Gang of Arizona     Sinaloa     SNM     Other:   Brief Links     Books on Cartels/Gangs      Drugs/New Mexico         Dept. Justice-Org. Crime Cases   See also: Cybercrime     Female Gang Members     Retail Organized Crime     Search and Seizure     CULTURAL CONTEXTS BEHIND CARTELS Approaches to study and respond to them most effectively Occult and Gangs Police Mag dot com 2008/03 Criminal gangs and the occult http://www.policemag.com/blog/gangs/story/2008/03/criminal-gangs-and-the-occult.aspx Religion and Gangs Hispanic, Latino and Mexican Catholic LA Times 1999/05/08 Gangs and Their God. Margaret Ramirez http://articles.latimes.com/1999/may/08/local/me-35168 Many Latino gang members invoke the protection of Jesus or Mary in the form of tattoos and graffiti. Some observers say the practice is a genuine attempt to connect with a spiritual heritage. Department of Justice - Criminal Division - Organized Crime and Gang Section - Cases https://www.justice.gov/criminal-ocgs/ocgs-press-room/2017 Systems Approach: Mexico - Cartels Mexico’s Cartel Problem: A Systems Thinking Perspective Sibel McGee, Ph.D., Michael Joel, Robert Edson Applied Systems Thinking Institute, Analytic Services, Inc.,  2900 S Quincy Street, Suite 800, Arlington, VA 22206 Sibel.McGee@anser.org; Michael.Joel@anser.org; Robert.Edson@anser.or We argue that the efforts that rely purely on law enforcement measures will fail to produce lasting change unless they are coupled with high leverage strategies that address the root causes of illicit activities in Mexico. Biography : Sibel McGee, Ph.D. is a Senior Analyst at the Applied Systems Thinking (ASysT) Institute of Analytic Services Inc., Arlington, VA, providing systems and research analysis for various federal departments and agencies to include Department of Homeland Security and Defense. She is also an adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland University College. Dr. McGee holds an MS in International Relations from Middle East Technical University, Turkey, an MA in European Studies from University of Bonn, Germany, and a Ph.D. in Political Science from Texas A&M University.  Michael Joel is currently an analyst with the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity, Quantico, VA.  Mr. Joel was previously a Senior Associate Analyst at the Applied Systems Thinking (ASysT) Institute of Analytic Services Inc., Arlington, VA.  He holds a BA in History and an MA in Public Policy/National Security Policy from George Mason University. Robert Edson is Vice President for Enterprise Development at Analytic Services Inc., and Director of the Applied Systems Thinking Institute (ASysT). In his role as Director of ASysT, he leads an institute whose mission is to advance the application of systems thinking principles in the fields of national security and homeland security. He has over 25 years of experience in dealing with complex systems issues and systems thinking. Mr. Edson is an Adjunct Professor at Stevens Institute of Technology and has a BS in Biology from George Mason University and a MS in Physical Oceanography and Meteorology from the Naval Postgraduate School.  GANGS - SOME GROUPS (not a comprehensive list) Jalisco The Daily Beast 2016/03/26 Fighting Mexico’s new super cartel http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/03/26/fighting-mexico-s-new-super-cartel.html La Sante Muerte Huffington Post 7 things to know about La Santa Muerte http://www.huffingtonpost.com/latina-magazine/7-things-to-know-about-la_b_8385476.html MS-13 Gangs MSN 13 officials detail best ways to combat the violent gang http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/crime/fighting-ms-13-officials-detail-best-ways-to-combat-the-violent-gang/ar- AApjepI?li=BBmkt5R&ocid=spartandhp New Mexican Mafia of Arizona (Not to be confused with the state of New Mexico in the name; but also see another type of prison gang - SNM of New Mexico) Corrections dot az https://corrections.az.gov/new-mexican-mafia-0 Sinaloa Business Insider 2012 Fast and Furious Guns Sinaloa Cartel http://www.businessinsider.com/fast-and-furious-guns-sinaloa-cartel-2012-8 Huffington Post http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ismael-el-mayo-zambada-sinaloa_us_56a0becce4b0404eb8f05313 SNM Syndicato de Nuevo Mexico Justice dot gov 2015/12/04 Federal indictments charge 25 alleged members syndicato de nuevo mexico https://www.justice.gov/usao-nm/pr/federal-indictments-charge-25-alleged-members-syndicato-de-nuevo- mexico-snm-prison-gang Excerpt:   The racketeering indictments, which were filed on Dec. 1, 2015, and were unsealed yesterday, allege that the defendants conspired to violate federal racketeering laws by conspiring to commit violent crimes, including murder, attempted murder and assault, in aid of their racketeering enterprise.  The indictments are the result of a multi-agency investigation led by the Albuquerque Division of the FBI that culminated yesterday with a law enforcement operation during which all but two of the defendants charged were arrested.Department. “These arrests help us in our mission is to provide safer prisons for those in our care.” The two racketeering indictments allege that the 25 defendants charged were members and associates of the SNM Prison Gang, a state-wide gang operating in New Mexico prisons and in communities throughout the state.  According to the racketeering indictments, the SNM Prison Gang was formed in the early 1980s at the Penitentiary of New Mexico after the prison riot in Feb. 1980, and expanded throughout the New Mexico penal system.  Gang members and associates allegedly are expected to remain loyal to the Gang and work to further its objectives after they have completed their prison sentences and those who do not are allegedly subject to violent forms of discipline.  The racketeering indictments allege that significant goals of the SNM Prison Gang include controlling and profiting from drug trafficking both within and outside the penal system; intimidating and influencing other gangs for the purpose of expanding the network for its illegal activities; and engaging in violence to assert its gang identity and protect its territory. The first of the racketeering indictments charges 24 alleged SNM Prison Gang members and associates with committing four murders, conspiring to commit three murders and conspiring to commit a violent assault for the purpose of gaining entrance to and maintaining and increasing their positons within the SNM Prison Gang, an enterprise engaged in racketeering activity.  The indictment includes Notices of Special Findings against the 12 defendants alleged to have committed murder in aid of the Gang’s racketeering affairs.  The decision whether or not to seek the death penalty will be made by the Attorney General of the United States based on the recommendations of the U.S. Attorney and after carefully considering each defendant’s background and the circumstances of his crimes. The second racketeering indictment charges four alleged SNM Prison Gang members and associates, including three charged in the first racketeering indictment, wi https://www.justice.gov/usao-nm/pr/federal-indictments-charge-25-alleged-members-syndicato-de-nuevo- mexico-snm-prison-gang Consider Reading: -Insight Crime, insightcrime.org   Latin American cartels, some American material- -Robert J. Bunker (also seen in No to Sacrifices in Human Issues section on this website) expert on terrorism and cult behavior in cartels -Sylvia Longmire:  Cartel: The Coming Invasion of Mexico's Drug Wars (2011) -Ioan Grillo The Bloody Rise of Mexican Drug Cartels (2017) -George W. Grayson - The Los Zetas Drug Cartel - Sadism as an Instrument of Cartel Warfare in Mexico and Central America (2015) -Police Mag article on Criminal Gangs and the Occult:  http://www.policemag.com/blog/gangs/story/2008/03/criminal-gangs- and-the-occult.aspx Retail Org. Crime Alb Jrnl: (2017) Retailers face new threat: Organized crime. BY LORRAINE MIRABELLA / THE BALTIMORE SUN https://www.abqjournal.com/1086991/retailers-face-new-threat-organized-crime.html Organized theft has surpassed internal theft to become the leading cause of retail loss, said Robert Moraca, vice president of loss prevention for the National Retail Federation. Analysts say the increase has been fueled by the opioid epidemic and by the growing understanding among criminals that theft can be quick, easy and profitable. In a well choreographed assault, Moraca says, thieves can clear shelves of thousands of dollars’ worth of goods in minutes. “And that’s happening in multiples,” he says. “It’s not just a group that gets together and wants to steal. These are groups that already exist for criminal purposes,” such as drug trafficking and human trafficking. “These are hardened criminals, and they get into organized retail crime because it’s extremely profitable.”… “The individuals who are doing the shoplifting have become extremely dangerous, much more than anyone would think of a petty shoplifter doing,” spokesman Stephen Holmes says. He says assaults on security guards and asset protection personnel have become common. “It can be the slightest thing that triggers that act of violence,” he says. “I just don’t think the average person realizes what’s going on.” https://www.abqjournal.com/1086991/retailers-face-new-threat-organized-crime.html Cartels by Media/News Publication Source A, B, C Borderland Beat:  Cartel Violence, Cash Infiltrating U.S. (05/2011) http://www.borderlandbeat.com/2011/05/cartel-violence-cash-infiltrating-us.html Business Insider: Fast and Furious Guns Sinaloa Cartel (2012) Tag-Sinaloa http://www.businessinsider.com/fast-and-furious-guns-sinaloa-cartel-2012-8 University of Chicago: Irving Spergel Leading Scholar Gangs 1924-2010. By William Harms (12/08/2010) https://news.uchicago.edu/article/2010/12/08/irving-spergel-leading-scholar-gangs-1924-2010 CNN:   On the border: Guns, drugs -- and a betrayal of trust.  Cartels Columbus, New Mexico By Michael Martinez.  (06/102012) Tag Columbus, New Mexico http://www.cnn.com/2012/06/10/us/cartels-columbus-new-mexico/ Whitey Bulger six surprising facts (09/17/2014) http://www.cnn.com/2014/09/17/justice/whitey-bulger-six-things/index.html CNS News: Effort Combat Drug Cartels Operating New Mexico Spurs Racial Profiling Complaints. By Susan Jones (07/12/2012) http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/effort-combat-drug-cartels-operating-new-mexico-spurs-racial-profiling- complaints D, E, F The Daily Beast: Jeremy Kryt http://www.thedailybeast.com/author/jeremy-kryt Fighting Mexico’s New Super Cartel. By Jeremy Kryt (03/26/2016) The Jalisco New Generation Cartel is known for its hyper-aggressive, paramilitary tactics—now it’s bringing the terror to America’s doorstep. http://www.thedailybeast.com/author/jeremy-kryt http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/03/26/fighting-mexico-s-new-super-cartel.html Cartel Watch - Why the Military Will Never Beat Mexico's Cartels. By Jeremy Kryt (04/02/2016) As the murder rate in Mexico rises yet again, it’s time to admit current policies aren’t working—and start looking for new solutions. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/04/02/will-mexico-s-surreal-drug-war-ever-end DEA dot gov: Synthetic Drugs Excerpt:  (2012) more than five million packets of finished designer synthetic drugs were seized across the country in the first-ever nationwide law enforcement action against the synthetic designer drug industry responsible for the production and sale of synthetic drugs that are often marketed as bath salts, Spice, incense, or plant food https://www.dea.gov/divisions/elp/2012/elpaso073012p.html FBI: Organized Crime: History of La Cosa Nostra https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/organized-crime/history-of-la-cosa-nostra G-K Huffington Post:  7 Things to Know About La Santa Muerte.  By Latina Magazine (10/26/2015 05:30 pm ET | Updated Oct 25, 2016) http://www.huffingtonpost.com/latina-magazine/7-things-to-know-about-la_b_8385476.html Meet The Man Who Runs The Sinaloa Cartel... With Or Without ‘El Chapo’; Unlike “El Chapo,” Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada hasn’t spent years in prison. By Roque Planas (01/21/2016) http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ismael-el-mayo-zambada-sinaloa_us_56a0becce4b0404eb8f05313 Insight Crime: Corrupt Mexico police concentrated in ten [Mexican] states http://www.insightcrime.org/news-briefs/corrupt-mexico-police-concentrated-in-ten-states L, M, N Judith Miller: Mexicanization American Law Enforcement http://www.judithmiller.com/6482/mexicanization-american-law-enforcement LA Times: ATF Fast Furious http://www.latimes.com/nation/atf-fast-furious-sg-storygallery.html ATF Guns http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-atf-guns-20111009-story.html#axzz2qP3R9IU4 U.S. warns citizens about traveling to Mexico's Cancun and Los Cabos as violence surges. By Kate Linthicum (08/22/2017) http://www.latimes.com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-mexico-cancun-warning-20170822-story.html LAPD authors: Dunn http://www.lapdauthors.com/dunn.html MSN: Fighting MS 13 Officials Detail Best Ways to Combat the Violent Gang. By Kaitlyn Schallhorn (08/02/2017) http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/crime/fighting-ms-13-officials-detail-best-ways-to-combat-the-violent-gang/ar- AApjepI?li=BBmkt5R&ocid=spartandhp National Review: Fast Furious = Obamas First Scandal. By Ian Tuttle (01/21/2016) http://www.nationalreview.com/article/430153/fast-furious-obamas-first-scandal NPR: Prison gang reach increasingly extends into streets (2013) http://www.npr.org/2013/04/02/176035798/experts-prison-gang-reach-increasingly-extends-into-streets O, P, Q, R Police Mag:Criminal Gangs and the Occult http://www.policemag.com/blog/gangs/story/2008/03/criminal-gangs-and-the-occult.aspx Of all the criminal groups that I have worked over the more than three decades in law enforcement, the most credible attempts on my life have come from these occult true believers.Be aware of these trends and beliefs. Gang members who take the occult seriously can be truly dangerous. http://www.policemag.com/blog/gangs/story/2008/03/criminal-gangs-and-the-occult.aspx S, T, U Slate: “A Unique Death Cult” How the Romanian Iron Guard blended nationalistic violence with Christian martyrdom to spread a  singularly morbid fascist movement. By Stanley G. Payne (02/21/2017) See photo in article with heading: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and members of the Legion of the Archangel Michael (also known as the Iron Guard) in Bucharest, Romania, in 1937. http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fascism/2017/02/romania_s_unusually_morbid_fascist_movement_blen ded_nationalistic_violence.html Note: although this entry is not actually “cartel” material, since it connected to the 1930s, I feel there is applicability to current times in those cases where there is a mix of religiosity and governmental control systems. Tech Dirt: DEA loses big drug case thanks to illegal wiretap warrants prosecutor calls procedural errors https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20151214/08492533071/dea-loses-big-drug-case-thanks-to-illegal-wiretap-warrants- prosecutor-calls-procedural-errors.shtml UCLA, Newsroom:  Jorja Leap Jumped In book (03/08/2012) http://newsroom.ucla.edu/stories/jorja-leap-jumped-in-book-230195 V, W, X, Y, Z Vice:  Mexico’s efforts to tackle police corruption are failing. By Paul Imison.  (03/21/2016)  https://news.vice.com/article/mexicos-efforts-to-tackle-police-corruption-are-failing The Mexican-Mormon War Part I (video clip) https://www.vice.com/en_au/article/the-mexican-mormon-war-part-1 Washington Post: House Democrats say Phoenix ATF to blame in fast and furious. By Sari Horwitz (01/31/2012) Excerpt: Federal agents based in Phoenix, not officials at Justice Department headquarters in Washington, were responsible for the controversial tactics used in the gun operation known as “Fast and Furious,” Democrats on the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee said in a report released Tuesday. A year after it became known that the operation relied on a tactic known as gun walking, the 89-page report called Fast and Furious “reckless and fatally flawed.” It puts the blame squarely on the Phoenix office of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. It also concludes that the strategy began as early as 2006. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-democrats-say-phoenix-atf-to-blame-in-fast-and-furious- fiasco/2012/01/31/gIQAUQ9HfQ_story.html?utm_term=.92b235cb8ae8 In Mexico’s Nueva Laredo, Drug Cartels dictate media coverage. By William Booth (08/01/2010) http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/08/01/AR2010080103481.html Excerpt:  Two weeks ago, Mexican soldiers clashed here with drug cartel gangsters in running gun battles that lasted five hours. The outlaws hijacked vehicles, including a bus, for use as barricades and battering rams. Terrified residents scrambled for safety. At least a dozen people were killed, including bystanders. Children were wounded in the crossfire.  Not a single word about it appeared in the local news media.  Nuevo Laredo has three television news channels, four daily newspapers and at least five radio stations that broadcast news, but every outlet ignored the biggest story of the year. Nuevo Laredo is not an isolated village but the busiest city along the U.S.-Mexico border, a vital U.S. trade partner with a population of 360,000, professional sports teams, universities and an international airport.  Fearing for their lives and the safety of their families, journalists are adhering to a near-complete news blackout, under strict orders of drug smuggling organizations and their enforcers, who dictate -- via daily telephone calls, e-mails and news releases -- what can and cannot be printed or aired.  "We are under their complete control," said a veteran reporter, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. Editors and managers of news organizations who agreed to speak with The Washington Post insisted that the interviews take place away from their offices, at back tables in empty bars. "The cartels have eyes and ears inside our company," one editor said.