CARTELS-3a How to Stop
1 Overview, Attributes
2 Various Gangs
2a La Familia-Zetas
Cartels-3 How to Stop
4 Female Gangs
5 Tunnels (also Borders7)
6 Pot Farms/houses
Retail Organized Crime
Search and Seizure
New Mexico Drugs
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
On International Narco-Terrorism/Venezuela
See also Department of Justice separate section
Definition of Narcoterrorism
https colon //en dot wikipedia dot org/wiki/Narcoterrorism
organizations include FARC, ELN, AUC in Colombia, PCP-SL in Peru, Hamas and the Taliban.
Justice dot gov
2020/03/26 Attorney General Barr and DOJ Officials Announce Significant Law Enforcement Actions Relating to
Includes important video. Attorney General Barr. FARC. Nicolás Maduro Moros and 14 current and former Venezuelan
officials charged with narco-terrorism, corruption, drug trafficking and other criminal charges.
Drug Trade news before DOJ announcement in March 2020
2019/04/17 CNN uncovers Venezuela's multi-billion dollar drug trade. Nick Paton Walsh International
Cocaine trafficking from Venezuela to the US is soaring, even as the country collapses. And the US and other
regional officials say it's Venezuela's own military and political elite who are facilitating the passage of drugs in and
out of the country on hundreds of tiny, unmarked planes.
Venezuela Oil and gas
Venezuela crisis: US blacklists Russian oil firm for helping Maduro
The US has sought to increase financial pressure on Venezuela by blacklisting a subsidiary of Russia's state-controlled
Rosneft oil giant. The move freezes any US-held assets of the Switzerland-based Rosneft Trading SA and its chairman,
Didier Casimiro.The firm is accused of helping President Nicolás Maduro to evade US sanctions on Venezuela's oil
industry.The US accuses Mr Maduro of leading a corrupt and brutal regime, a charge he has repeatedly rejected.
2019/07/14 Opinion: China will determine future of Venezuela. By Carlos Eduardo Pina
https colon //www dot aljazeera dot com/indepth/opinion/china-determine-future-venezuela-
There are a number of reasons why Beijing continues to back Maduro's government despite suffering financial
2019/02/09 Hezbolla is in Venezuela to stay: Regime change in Caracas won’t change the country’s problematic
relationship with the terrorist group. By Colin P. Clarke
Excerpt: Responding to a question on current instability in Venezuela and the presence of terrorist groups in the
region, specifically Lebanese Hezbollah, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo confirmed in a recent interview that
the Trump administration believes that the “Party of God,” as Hezbollah is known, maintains “active cells” in
Venezuela. He went on to say that “Iranians are impacting the people of Venezuela,” because Hezbollah is trained,
financed, and equipped by Tehran.
Hezbollah has long maintained a presence in Latin America, especially in the infamous Tri-Border Area, a semi-
lawless region where Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil converge. But even beyond the Tri-Border Area, Hezbollah is
well-entrenched in Venezuela, where the Shiite terrorist group has long worked to establish a vast infrastructure for
its criminal activities, including drug trafficking, money laundering, and illicit smuggling. For example, Margarita
Island, located off the coast of Venezuela, is a well-known criminal hotbed where Hezbollah members have
established a safe haven. Under the regime of former Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, the government took a
more active approach to offering sanctuary to Venezuela-based supporters of Hezbollah.
More controversial than what Pompeo said, however, should have been what he implied—namely, that regime
change would rid Venezuela of Hezbollah. Whatever the benefits of replacing the current Venezuelan regime with
Washington’s preferred alternative, there’s reason to doubt that it would change the country’s problematic
relationship with the terrorist group.
Hezbollah has a long and sordid history in Venezuela. A cocaine-smuggling ring active throughout the 2000s led by a
Hezbollah-linked Lebanese national named Chekry Harb—a drug trafficker and money laundering kingpin who
went by the nickname “Taliban”—used Panama and Venezuela as critical hubs in an operation that sent narcotics
from Colombia to the United States, West Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. Proceeds from the cocaine-trafficking
ring were laundered into Colombian pesos or Venezuelan bolivars, with Hezbollah netting between 8 and 14
percent of profits….
…There is also the issue of Iran. Hezbollah is backed by a regime in Tehran that provides it with upward of $700
million annually, according to some estimates. Venezuela serves as Iran’s entry point into Latin America, a foothold
the Iranians are unlikely to cede without putting up a fight.Venezuela serves as Iran’s entry point into Latin America,
a foothold the Iranians are unlikely to cede without putting up a fight. Moreover, Russia retains a vested interest in
propping up Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro and keeping him in power, given the longstanding relationship
between the two countries. Moscow recently warned the United States against intervening in Venezuela militarily.
Further, after cooperating closely in Syria, Hezbollah is now a known quantity to the Kremlin and an organization
that President Vladimir Putin could view as an asset that, at the very least, will not interfere with Russia’s designs to
extend its influence in the Western Hemisphere.
If the Maduro regime is ultimately ousted from power, it will likely have a negative impact on Hezbollah in
Venezuela. After all, the group’s tentacles extend into the upper reaches of Venezuela’s current
government—Tareck El Aissami, the minister of industries and national production, was designated by the U.S.
Treasury Department under a counter-narcotics authority and allegedly has a close relationship with Hezbollah.
Yet on balance, Hezbollah has deep roots in Venezuela, and completely expelling the group—no matter how high a
priority for the Trump administration—remains unlikely. The best-case scenario for Washington could be an
ascendant Guaidó administration that agrees to combat Hezbollah’s influence—if the new government is willing to
accept a U.S. presence in the country to begin training Venezuelan forces in the skills necessary to counter
terrorism and transnational organized criminal networks with strong ties to Venezuelan society. But that scenario,
of course, is dependent on the United States offering such assistance in the first place.
Colin P. Clarke is a senior research fellow at the Soufan Center and an assistant teaching professor in the Institute
for Politics & Strategy at Carnegie Mellon University. Twitter: @ColinPClarke
Venezuelan Communists say Maduro government not responding to workers’ demands
November 9, 2018 12:48 PM CDT BY PAUL DOBSON
https colon //peoplesworld dot org/article/venezuelan-communists-say-maduro-government-not-responding-to-
Presidential Executive Order 2017
On Enforcing Federal Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and Preventing International Trafficking:
National Security & Defense: Issued on: February 9, 2017
Excerpt: By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is
hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Purpose. Transnational criminal organizations and subsidiary organizations, including transnational drug
cartels, have spread throughout the Nation, threatening the safety of the United States and its citizens. These
organizations derive revenue through widespread illegal conduct, including acts of violence and abuse that exhibit a
wanton disregard for human life. They, for example, have been known to commit brutal murders, rapes, and other
These groups are drivers of crime, corruption, violence, and misery. In particular, the trafficking by cartels of controlled
substances has triggered a resurgence in deadly drug abuse and a corresponding rise in violent crime related to drugs.
Likewise, the trafficking and smuggling of human beings by transnational criminal groups risks creating a humanitarian
crisis. These crimes, along with many others, are enriching and empowering these organizations to the detriment of the
A comprehensive and decisive approach is required to dismantle these organized crime syndicates and restore safety for
the American people….
US Department of Justice
1998/05 Addressing Community Gang Problems:A Practical Guide
Research Gate dot net
2011/05 Gang Membership as a Turning point in the Life Course. By Chris Melde Michigan State University
Article (PDF Available) in Criminology 49(2):513 - 552 ·
Gang Research at ASU about Walter B. Miller
Results from the New Mexico Gang Threat Assessment: Prepared for: Project Safe Neighborhoods Task Force
District of New Mexico Prepared by: Danielle Albright, M.A.; Lisa Broidy, Ph.D.; Kristine Denman, M.A.
Journals Sage Pub
1993/05/01 Youth Gangs In Southern New Mexico: A Qualitative Analysis. G. Larry Mays
2019 Gangs of the El Paso–Juárez Borderland A History By Mike Tapia
Excerpt: This thought-provoking book examines gang history in the region encompassing West Texas, Southern
New Mexico, and Northern Chihuahua, Mexico. Known as the El Paso–Juárez borderland region, the area contains
more than three million people spanning 130 miles from east to west. From the badlands—the historically
notorious eastern Valle de Juárez—to the Puerto Palomas port of entry at Columbus, New Mexico, this area has
become more militarized and politicized than ever before. Mike Tapia examines this region by exploring a century
of historical developments through a criminological lens and by studying the diverse subcultures on both sides of
the law. Tapia looks extensively at the role of history and geography on criminal subculture formation in the
binational urban setting of El Paso–Juárez, demonstrating the region’s unique context for criminogenic processes.
He provides a poignant case study of Homeland Security and the apparent lack of drug-war spillover in
communities on the US-Mexico border.
No COLORS: 100 Ways To Stop Gangs From Taking Away Our Communities
by Bobby Kipper, Bud Ramey
Hacking: 10 Most Dangerous Cyber Gangs, Book 5 (audio book)
By: Alex Wagner
Narrated by: Matyas J
James Densley: How Gangs Work
2011/04/11 An Ethnography of Youth Violence, Palgrave Macmillan, St. Antony's Series
In the wake of the 2011 UK riots and the British government’s new American-style ‘war on gangs’, this book is the
definitive account of ‘how gangs work’. Based on two years of ethnographic fieldwork with gangs and drawing on a variety
of sources, How Gangs Work provides a vivid portrayal of gang life, but not as the British traditionally know it.
James Densley deconstructs the mythology of gangs to make sense of the profiles and motivations of gang members in
straightforward, rational terms. How Gangs Work examines the vital processes of evolution, organization, and recruitment
within gangs and gangmembers’ instrumental and expressive uses of violence, media, and technology. Special attention is
paid to the role of gangs in the drugs trade and the relationship between gangs and organized crime. Densley concludes
with a critical appraisal of gang desistance and the precarious future of gang prevention and intervention, with practical
advice for practitioners, police and policy-makers.
Gang Leader for a Day: A Rogue Sociologist Takes to the Streets (12.11.2007) Hardcover – December 11, 2007
by Sudhir Venkatesh
Systems Approach: Mexico - Cartels
Mexico’s Cartel Problem: A Systems Thinking Perspective Sibel McGee, Ph.D., Michael Joel, Robert Edson
Applied Systems Thinking Institute, Analytic Services, Inc., 2900 S Quincy Street, Suite 800, Arlington, VA 22206
Sibel.McGee@anser.org; Michael.Joel@anser.org; Robert.Edson@anser.or
We argue that the efforts that rely purely on law enforcement measures will fail to produce lasting change unless they are
coupled with high leverage strategies that address the root causes of illicit activities in Mexico.
Biography : Sibel McGee, Ph.D. is a Senior Analyst at the Applied Systems Thinking (ASysT) Institute of Analytic Services
Inc., Arlington, VA, providing systems and research analysis for various federal departments and agencies to include
Department of Homeland Security and Defense. She is also an adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland University
College. Dr. McGee holds an MS in International Relations from Middle East Technical University, Turkey, an MA in
European Studies from University of Bonn, Germany, and a Ph.D. in Political Science from Texas A&M University. Michael
Joel is currently an analyst with the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity, Quantico, VA. Mr. Joel was previously a Senior
Associate Analyst at the Applied Systems Thinking (ASysT) Institute of Analytic Services Inc., Arlington, VA. He holds a BA
in History and an MA in Public Policy/National Security Policy from George Mason University. Robert Edson is Vice
President for Enterprise Development at Analytic Services Inc., and Director of the Applied Systems Thinking Institute
(ASysT). In his role as Director of ASysT, he leads an institute whose mission is to advance the application of systems
thinking principles in the fields of national security and homeland security. He has over 25 years of experience in dealing
with complex systems issues and systems thinking. Mr. Edson is an Adjunct Professor at Stevens Institute of Technology
and has a BS in Biology from George Mason University and a MS in Physical Oceanography and Meteorology from the
Naval Postgraduate School.
ARTICLES AND WEBSITES
Excerpt: Below are eight steps that are effective methods of controlling drugs and reducing drug-related harms. (To
download a copy of this as a PDF, click here.)
1. Shift Resources Into Programs That Work
2. Make Treatment Available on Request Like Any Other Health Service
3. Prevent Drug Abuse By Investing in American Youth and Providing Them with Accurate Information
4. Focus Law Enforcement Resources on the Most Dangerous and Violent Criminals
5. International Drug Control Efforts Should Be Demilitarized and Focus on Economic Development
6. Restore Justice to the US Justice System
7. Respect State's Rights and Allow New Approaches to Be Tried
8. Make Prevention of HIV and Other Blood Borne Diseases a Top Priority
Back to top
Shift Resources Into Programs That Work:
US drug control strategy has been approached primarily as a law enforcement issue. Police have done their jobs with
record arrests, drug seizures and record incarceration of drug offenders yet drug problems continue to worsen. Expensive
eradication and interdiction campaigns abroad have brought few results and many costs. Two-thirds of the federal drug
control budget continues to go to incarceration, interdiction and law enforcement programs while treatment, prevention,
research and education divide the remaining third. Government needs to accept that the law enforcement paradigm will
never work and shift to treating drug abuse as a health problem with social and economic implications. The solutions are
in public health approaches which focus on addicts and abusers – not all users – as well as social services to reduce many
of the root causes of abuse, economic strategies to develop alternative markets and also control drug markets. The
federal drug budget should recognize this by shifting resources to prevention, treatment and education.
Click here for more info.
Back to top
Make Treatment Available on Request Like Any Other Health Service:
Making treatment services widely available undermines the drug market and reduces the harms from drug abuse.
Treatment needs to be defined broadly to not only include abstinence-based treatment but also easier access to
methadone and other alternative maintenance drugs. In addition it is important to provide mental health treatment, as
well as services for victims of sexual abuse, spousal abuse and child abuse in order to resolve the underlying causes of
addiction. Treatment also needs to be user friendly, i.e. designed to meet the needs of special populations, especially
women, children and minorities. Finally, it needs to be focused on abusers and addicts rather than all drug users. The best
way to accomplish this distinction is to allow people who need treatment to choose it, rather than law enforcement
choosing treatment for people who happen to get caught.
Click here for more info.
Back to top
Prevent Drug Abuse By Investing in American Youth and Providing Them with Accurate Information:
The most effective way to prevent adolescent drug abuse is to invest in youth and keep them interested and involved in
life. Government should increase funding for after school programs, mentor programs, skills building/job training
programs and summer job programs. The Higher Education Act provisions denying college aid to students convicted of
drug offenses should be repealed as barriers to education and employment are counterproductive to preventing drug
abuse. Education needs to be fact-based, accurate and taught by trained educators and health professionals, not by
police. Resources should be shifted away from ineffective programs like the ONDCP media campaign and the DARE
program and toward research to develop more effective drug education approaches and programs to keep youth active.
Focus Law Enforcement Resources on the Most Dangerous and Violent Criminals:
Half of drug arrests in the United States are for marijuana offenses and possession cases. Low-level, non-violent drug-
using offenders dominate police time, waste the time of courts and fill US prisons. The drug war has resulted in record-
breaking prison populations giving the US the highest incarceration rate in the world. Arrest and incarceration also have a
devastating impact on individuals and families. The focus of the federal government in drug enforcement should be large
cases that cross international and state boundaries. Smaller cases that are intra state should be left to the states. Law
enforcement should stop wasting its limited resources on simple possession charges. Small-time dealers who essentially
sell to support their habit should be given the choice of treatment instead of prison. Drug offenders, particularly
marijuana, should be the lowest law enforcement priority while violent criminals should be priority number one. All
correctional systems in the US should be less restrictive in granting parole to bona fide nonviolent drug prisoners at
review time, less restrictive in granting compassionate release and less restrictive in allowing family visits. These modest
changes would give prisoners a motive for good behavior to earn their way out of prison and back to their families and
Travel Arsenal dot com
10 Ways to Stop Gangs Without Money!
Help children learn how to become centered.
Create a network of love and support.
Teach children the buddy system. Encourage them to listen to their self-protective instincts...
Include children in your home safety program:
Create a safe neighborhood. Join a neighborhood group or start one.
10 Ways to Stop Gangs Without Money! -
travelerarsenal.com/10-ways-to-stop-gangs-without-money/ [the website seems gone]
How Stuff Works: Street Gangs
Photo: Forming neighborhood groups to clean up graffiti and maintain the area can help to drive out gangs.
Excerpt: There is no easy way to stop gangs, because the underlying conditions that lead to gangs are complex. Police
crackdowns can temporarily lower gang influence….
A Literature Review on Gang Violence
Kittle, Jolene MS, RN, ACCNS-AG, CCRN, CEN, TCRN, CFRN
Journal of Trauma Nursing: July/August 2017 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 - p 270–279
Excerpt: Gangs and gang violence are a concerning cause of preventable injuries and death in the trauma community. The
number of gangs and gang members has been on an upward trend since 2003 with an estimated 30,000 gangs in the
United States. This includes approximately 850,000 gang members. Trauma centers are in a unique position to participate
in the prevention of gang violence. This review compiles current, relevant literature on gangs and gang violence covering
the following topics: prevention/intervention, contributing influences, and experiential reflections. The purpose of the
literature review is to deepen understanding of gangs and gang violence and potentiate further research in this area in
order to help promote successful prevention efforts. Trauma nurses can use this information in developing culturally
sensitive, compassionate care and trauma centers will find this useful in the development of injury prevention programs
aimed at the reduction of gang and street violence.
The High School Journal
1995 The Choice for Gang Membership by Mexican-American Adolescents, Raymond L. Calabrese and Julio Noboa
The High School Journal, Vol. 78, No. 4, The Mexican-American Educational Experience (Apr. - May, 1995), pp. 226-235
Published by: University of North Carolina Press
Quora blog site Two posted answers shown below. Police Factor thought the answers held merit.
How to Stop Prison Gangs: an answer by Chuck Nelson, I deal with the post convicted.
Answered Nov 17 2017 ·
The best way to stop prison gangs is to put all of the gang members in a single prison (or prisons by affiliation) and never move
them. Make every effort to validate inmates and move them to the proper location as soon as possible. You need to minimize
contact with non-gang inmates to eliminate, or at least reduce, recruitment.
Managing Prisons/Security Threat Groups
Excerpt: Prisons are responsible for housing convicted inmates in a safe and secure environment. This also includes identifying
an inmate’s custody level, program needs, medical, mental health issues, and housing assignment. An assessment is completed
to determine if the inmate is involved with a gang and/or security threat group. This verification can be completed in a variety of
ways, including self-admission, gang tattoos, written materials, and other means. The following questions need to be answered:
Does the inmate pose a threat to other inmates and staff? Is the inmate deemed an escape risk and/or security threat? Does the
inmate require protection from other inmates, or pose a threat to the safety, security, and good order of the prison? A
compilation of the assessment allows for identifying proper security level, housing assignment, program needs, and other.
We may ask why there is a concern for security threat groups. These security threat groups are involved in violating various
prison rules. This may consist of, but is not limited to, trafficking and trading in contraband, sexual acts and exploitation,
participating and ordering assaults on inmates and staff, disrupt activities, exhibit extreme violent acts, and other. If left
uncontrolled and not effectively managed, these violent actions can lead to serious disruption and even riots. These groups pose
a serious management problem and concern for prisons.
Why Do People End Up Back in Prison? Chuck Nelson, Correctional Officer in a Prison Hospital
Answered Oct 15, 2019 · Author has 754 answers and 738.7k answer views
Many inmates return because committing crime was what they did for a career (or serious hobby) before they finally got a
charge they couldn’t dodge and caught some prison time. When they get out, they go back to what they know. This is especially
true when they return to the area they grew up in. They start hanging out with the people they hung out with prior to prison and
get right back into trouble again. Placing an inmate in new surroundings on release and providing them with support
(employment help, housing, financial assistance) is the best way to prevent recidivism.
There are inmates that were not regular offenders before they did THE ONE CRIME that got them into prison. They will become
institutionalized because you have to in order to survive in a prison setting. This may lead them to a life of crime after prison but
it is less likely as prison does not necessarily give you the criminal mindset, it gives you the inmate mindset. There are some
similarities but learning how to sneak peanut butter out of the kitchen or light a cigarette with steel wool are not the things that
lead you into crime. Some of the things you learn in prison may even be helpful on the street. For example, unless you are
already the kind of person that likes to fight, you are going to have to learn conflict resolution and mediation. THE ONE CRIME is
usually murder so those guys are generally not getting out anyway. The other guys that get caught for a single crime with no
background history are often sex offenders because you get caught for most sex offenses you don’t get back on the street for a
long time. Sex offenders are usually repeat offenders, they just don’t get caught because they are abusing within their family and
the abuse goes unreported.
You ask any inmate and they will tell you they don’t want to be locked up. What they don’t say is that if retaining their freedom
means they have to live the life of a citizen, they are going to take their chances with get arrested and convicted.
Research Gate dot net
2011/05 Gang Membership as a Turning point in the Life Course. By Chris Melde Michigan State University
Article (PDF Available) in Criminology 49(2):513 - 552 ·
Getting Out of Gangs, Staying Out of Gangs
GANG INTERVENTION AND DESISTENCE STRATEGIES
National Gang Center
Institute for Intergovernmental Research
Post Office Box 12729
Tallahassee, FL 32317
Phone (850) 385-0600 • Fax (850) 386-5356
Michelle Arciaga Young, National Gang Center
Victor Gonzalez, Houston Mayor’s Anti-Gang Office
Updates: 2021/09/28 some editing and organizing; 2020/04/13 Narco-Terrorism/Venezuela added; 2020/04/10 Getting Out of Gangs/Staying
Out/Gonzalez/Houston added; Research Gate-Chris Melde/Turning Point added; 2019/11/02 csdp common sense 8 steps website link added; Page