---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- STEROIDS Books 2017 Dopers in Uniform: The Hidden World of Police on Steroids. By John Hoberman Also see review: https://psmag.com/magazine/the-hidden-world-of-police-on-steroids Taylor Hooton Org (here is some material on Hoberman; this resource is also listed and excerpted elsewhere below) (2012/01/09) On Steroid abuse major problem among police officers. By THF in Hoot's Corner http://taylorhooton.org/steroid-abuse-major-problem-among-police-officers/ Excerpt: John Hoberman is a University of Texas professor who’s spent 25 years studying the social implications of widespread steroid use among professional and amateur athletes, body builders, the military and police. And statements from Connecticut law enforcement officials that they don’t believe cop-steroid abuse is a significant problem here, or the fact that the issue hasn’t even been raised before in this state, comes as no surprise to Hoberman. “This has been a suppressed and under-reported story,” he says of steroids and the cops. He has found most police departments “prefer to deal with [steroid abuse] as an internal matter” rather than have it become public. Hoberman says he’s collected “hundreds of reports” of such cases from around the U.S., Canada, Scotland and England. “This is not an isolated phenomenon - it’s a country-wide phenomenon,” he adds….Hoberman says so-called ‘Roid Rage’ isn’t actually a common side effect of steroid use. “It’s too simple to assume that steroids are causing violent behavior,” he points out. He says steroid abuse by a police officer is often a good indicator that he (and steroid abuse is almost exclusively limited to males) is having other serious problems. http://taylorhooton.org/steroid-abuse-major-problem-among-police-officers/ (2015) Anabolic Steroid Abuse in Public Safety Personnel: A Forensic Manual. By Brent Turvey Stan Crowder Description: This book provides readers with information on both the history and overwhelming evidence relating to steroid abuse in the law enforcement subculture. The text raises awareness regarding the pervasiveness of the problem that has grown into a systemic and nationwide phenomenon, and then addresses the consequences of anabolic steroid abuse on individual health, agency liability, and public safety. Particular attention is paid to forensic issues, including investigative, evidentiary, and legal concerns, facilitating just and lawful outcomes when these crimes are suspected or exposed. (2010) Steroid Use and Abuse, by Paul K. Roberts,(EDT), ISBN: 9781606923245 Description: Excerpt: "Anabolic steroids" is the familiar name for synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones (e.g., testosterone). They promote the growth of skeletal muscle (anabolic effects) and the development of male sexual characteristics (androgenic effects) in both males and females. The term "anabolic steroids" will be used throughout this book because of its familiarity, although the proper term for these compounds is "anabolic-androgenic steroids." As discussed in this book, the primary medical uses of these compounds are to treat delayed puberty, some types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by HIV infection or other diseases. However, steroids can also be abused and this has become so widespread in athletics that it has affected the outcome of sports contests. Illicit steroids are often sold at gyms, competitions, and through mail order operations after being smuggled into this country. This book presents important information related to this problem. (1994) Steroids (Drug Library) by Scott E. Lukas Ph.D. Other Resources New Mexico State University 2005/01/31 Steroid usage could be greater than realized. By Julie M. Hughes https //newscenter nmsu edu/Articles/view/1067 Refers to journal article listed below Excerpt: Berning, who is a former power lifter, said he could walk into any gym in this country and within a few hours find someone who was selling steroids, but as a scientist taking a survey he would probably face difficulties getting people to speak on the record. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research "Anabolic Steroid Usage in Athletics: Facts, Fiction and Public Relations Berning and colleagues Kent Adams and Bryant Stamford, both with the Health, Physical Education and Sports Studies Department at the University of Louisville, recently published [this] article https //newscenter nmsu edu/Articles/view/1067 Taylor Hooton Org 2012/01/09 On Steroid abuse major problem among police officers. by THF in Hoot's Corner http //taylorhooton org/steroid-abuse-major-problem-among-police-officers/ (Note this article is Connecticut based) Excerpt: As we’ve chronicled on these pages, the use of steroids rampant among police nationwide. This illegal behavior by cops may explain, at least in part, why there has been so little enforcement used against this illegal drug use by our youth. Investigations in Oregon, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, New York and other states have in recent years found disturbing evidence of police officers abusing steroids. But Connecticut police insist they’ve never seen it here. A national expert who’s been studying steroid use in all types of subcultures from athletics to the military believes “tens of thousands” of cops all across the U.S. are on such illegal drugs. But the head of the largest police union in this state, a man who spent 20 years with the Milford P.D., says the issue has never even been raised in any Connecticut disciplinary hearing he knows about. A recent scandal in New Jersey turned up 248 public safety officials - most of them cops - who were getting steroids prescribed by a steroid-abusing doctor, and New Jersey officials responded by ordering random police drug testing. But a Connecticut State Police spokesman says his department doesn’t do that. Just last month, a federal appeals court ruled a New Jersey police chief was within his rights to order several of his officers to undergo testing for steroids, strip them of their weapons and put them on desk duty. But state Rep. Stephen Dargan, the long-time co-chairman of the Connecticut legislature’s Public Safety Committee, says he’s never, ever even heard of questions about police steroid abuse being voiced in this state. “That’s a new one on me,” he says. The biggest concern most people have over steroid “juiced” cops is the potential for increased aggression in someone who’s armed and trained to use everything from pepper spray and stun guns to firearms. And one result of the New Jersey scandal is a spate of civil lawsuits claiming excessive use of force by some of the officers implicated in steroid abuse. Connecticut has had its share of police scandals, including a recent federal investigation that found East Haven cops routinely harassed and abused Latino drivers. The feds also reported those local cops often used excessive force, but there’s been no discussion of the possibility of steroid abuse. http //taylorhooton org/steroid-abuse-major-problem-among-police-officers/ Steroid Issues - Other - Public at Large COLORADO Denver Post (2005/07/01) Numerous figures linked to steroid ring had ties to Denver gym https //www denverpost com/2005/07/01/numerous-figures-linked-to-steroid-ring-had-ties-to-denver-gym/ UAE, Dubai (Middle East) Gulf News (2014/01/27) Steroids: 'Everyone in the gym uses them'. By Thomas Billinghurst, Steroids spell trouble for gym freaks as health authorities seek ways to curb abuse https //gulfnews com/uae/health/steroids-everyone-in-the-gym-uses-them-1.1282654 Major Steroid Scandals in Sports Men’s Journal The 15 Biggest Steroid, P.E.D., and Doping Scandals in Sports History. By Matthew Jussim. https /www mensjournal com/sports/15-biggest-steroid-ped-and-doping-scandals-sports-history/ Here’s What Steroids Actually Do to Your Body. By jmaio https //www mensjournal com/food-drink/heres-what-steroids-actually-do-your-body Excerpt: Even though anabolic steroids are technically illegal—the Drug Enforcement Agency busted 16 labs in September, netting tons of tablets and injectable liquid—that’s not stopping everyday dudes from trying to get their hands on them. Mark McGwire, Famous Baseball Batter, aka Big Mac, Oakland Athletics and St Louis Cardinals, baseball 1986-2001, 1998 - scandal that he used steroids Comments Notes Steroids, the police and public See Notes 2020/02/26-27 Why the Steroids Section Was Added to This Website Additional Comments Steroid usage: watch for weightlifting hangouts for dealers; check criminal backgrounds for signs of domestic violence and violence against others; identify rings; follow trails of long-term friendships; watch for concomitant addictions off the charts like glue, paint, aerosol paint sniffing; watch for trails of thefts; needle usage; follow trail of testosterone enanthate (test e) through pharmacies, both prescription and non-prescription; identify split mind/personality issues of He Man/She Man - men with hidden male lovers in an abusive sexual context - it might be a cult-like network; mood swings. Identify officers resistant to investigating possible criminality involving steroids; that is, identify blocked cases by police who do not appropriately investigate steroid usage in both their departments and in the public properly, with hedging possible; follow links between job, job type, weightlifting, etc. Track past criminal records. Identify purchase/spending habits. Identify friends who might be fellow users and/or dealers. Longer term steroid users might have a cluster of addictions. Strange fixations. Illusions/Delusions. Calm one moment, angry the next. DEA Website DEA Diversion USDOJ gov https //www deadiversion usdoj gov/pubs/brochures/steroids/lawenforcement/ Excerpt: A Guide For Understanding The Dangers Of Anabolic Steroids March 2004: Anabolic steroid abuse, once viewed as a problem strictly associated with body builders, fitness "buffs," and professional athletes, has entered into the law enforcement community. Law enforcement personnel have used steroids for both physical and psychological reasons. The idea of enhanced physical strength and endurance provides one with "the invincible mentality" when performing law enforcement duties. The short-term adverse physical effects of anabolic steroid abuse are fairly well known. However, the long-term adverse physical effects of anabolic steroid abuse have not been studied, and as such, are not known. In addition, this type of abuse may result in harmful side-effects as well as serious injury and death. The abuser in most cases is unaware of these hidden dangers. What are anabolic steroids? Anabolic steroids are synthetically produced variants of the naturally occurring male hormone testosterone. Both males and females have testosterone produced in their bodies: males in the testes, and females in the ovaries and other tissues. The full name for this class of drugs is androgenic (promoting masculine characteristics) anabolic (tissue building) steroids (the class of drugs). Some of the most abused steroids include Deca-Durabolin® , Durabolin ® , Equipoise® , and Winstrol® . The common street (slang) names for anabolic steroids include arnolds, gym candy, pumpers, roids, stackers, weight trainers, and juice. The two major effects of testosterone are an androgenic effect and an anabolic effect. The term androgenic refers to the physical changes experienced by a male during puberty, in the course of development to manhood. Androgenic effects would be similarly experienced in a female. This property is responsible for the majority of the side effects of steroid use. The term anabolic refers to promoting of anabolism, the actual building of tissues, mainly muscle, accomplished by the promotion of protein synthesis. https //www deadiversion usdoj gov/pubs/brochures/steroids/lawenforcement/ ARTICLES BY YEAR - STEROIDS - POLICE 2019 2019/02/08 Illegally Secret Cop Drug Policy Released. By Christopher Peak https //www newhavenindependent org/index php/archives/entry/police_drug_policy_foi/ 2017 - 2018 NEW MEXICO Santa Fe New Mexican 2017/10/14 Taos case highlights steroid use among cops. By Andrew Oxford https //www santafenewmexican com/news/local_news/taos-case-highlights-steroid-use-among- cops/article_175d614a-a4e3-50a0-b40a-cf7d170da517 html The police chief of a Northern New Mexico village is suing his former employer, the Taos County Sheriff’s Office, claiming he was wrongly fired after repeatedly testing positive for steroids.Nicolas Lamendola, who was hired as the top police officer in Questa just a few w A book Dopers comes out PS Mag The Hidden World of Police on Steroids.Professor John Hoberman turns his attention to cops. Peter C. Baker, UPDATED: SEP 8, 2018ORIGINAL:DEC 11, 2017 https //psmag com/magazine/the-hidden-world-of-police-on-steroids Book listed in this article Doper in Uniform, by John Hoberman Excerpt: There is no definitive proof that steroids cause violent, erratic behavior, but the two are definitely correlated, and this fact alone, in Hoberman's view, is reason enough for police forces to implement zero-tolerance policies on steroid use. Easier said than done, of course: Hoberman notes that, while the U.S. military has such a policy, steroid use remains a barely concealed fixture of military life. 2017 2017/02/24 Cops and Steroids: What happens if officers are caught using? By Erik Flack https //www wave3 com/story/34598169/tonight-at-11-cops-and-steroids/ 2013 Arlington officer accused of buying steroids and helping supplier spot police https //www dallasnews com/news/crime/2013/06/13/arlington-officer-accused-of-buying-steroids-and- helping-supplier-spot-police-surveillance/ 2011 New Mexico’s stand on steroids https //law justia com/codes/new-mexico/2011/chapter30/article31/section30-31-41/ 2010 Oregon Live (2010/05/04) Canby steroid supplier's cooperation with FBI spreads investigation to other law enforcement agencies, including Portland https //www oregonlive com/clackamascounty/2010/05/canby_steroid_suppliers_cooper html 2009 https //abcnews go com/US/story?id=3745740&page=1 2009 Federal Register shows earlier definitive classification of Schedule III anabolic steroids https //www federalregister gov/documents/2009/12/04/E9-28572/classification-of-three-steroids-as- schedule-iii-anabolic-steroids-under-the-controlled-substances Updates: 2021/07/10 excessive bold was removed from some sections, the result of a quirk in a software update; 2021/02/07 some editing related to earlier links deactivation; 2020/12/06 some editing; 2020/02/28 Oregon Live article-2010/05-Canby added; 2020/02/27 links activated in IN THIS SECTION, its menu fleshed out and edited, and Other Resources section added to page along w/articles NMSU, Journal of Strength, in it. 2020/02/26 a note was added about why this section was started in the first place; added Taylor Hooton excerpt on Hoberman to Hoberman’s book area; 2020/02/23 a book Anabolic Steroid Abuse by Crowder and Turvey added to books section; Taylor Hooton link added. COPS AND MARIJUANA https://examine.com/nutrition/the-unbiased-truth-about-marijuana/ Daigle Law Group [note from PF: put here for information, not as an advertisement] Just Because It’s “Legal” Does Not Mean You Can Use It: Welcome to the Marijuana World April 30, 2019 https://daiglelawgroup.com/police-officers-using-legal-marijuana/ Leaf Buyer Can Police Officers Use Medical Marijuana? By Fred Hernandez -July 17, 2019 2020/06 Effects of Marijuana Legalization on Law Enforcement and Crime: Final Report https://www.ojp.gov/library/publications/effects-marijuana-legalization-law-enforcement-and-crime-final-report Arizona https://azdailysun.com/news/local/crime-and-courts/flagstaff-officer-had-20-drinks-before-pot/article_702baaf3- 93ba-5a38-9ee5-dfc211de4654.html Mississippi Two JPD officers arrested after smoking marijuana at Flowood park Dec 20, 2021 https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/crime/two-jpd-officers-arrested-after-smoking-marijuana-at-flowood-park/ar- AARZWz5 Two Jackson police officers are on administrative leave after being arrested for smoking marijuana in Flowood. Texas 2013 Cop caught smoking marijuana in police car https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eEpDaComegA A Fort Worth, Texas police officer was arrested Wednesday after he was caught with marijuana while on duty. Hawaii 2009 Cops Caught Smoking Weed https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JaG-z4vV5ik Justice dot gov 2021/07/23 Former New Mexico State Police officer convicted of distribution of marijuana and methamphetamine https://www.justice.gov/usao-nm/pr/former-new-mexico-state-police-officer-convicted-distribution- marijuana-and START HERE Bad Behavior Spreads - Catches On PBS dot org 2019/05/27 Study finds misconduct spreads among police officers like contagion. BYKATHERINE J. WU Excerpt: According to new research, reassigning police officers with a history of misconduct makes it more likely that their new peers will also misbehave. https //www pbs org/wgbh/nova/article/police-misconduct-peer-effects/ PEER PRESSURE It should be obvious to many that peer pressure can block progress in revealing corruption in any environment. Peer pressure in police departments and related agencies is no exception to this behavior. Male and female officers both can be involved in coverups. The reasons for such behavior can be varied, but often include the following reasons: - perhaps evolutionary, genetic and biochemical innate tendencies in human nature -cultural tendencies, including habits for networking -attitudes like watch my back, I will watch yours -fear of retaliation from other police persons -a sense of things having gone too far, a police officer is in too deep, shared guilt -military culture brought to the force, a tendency of certain types of male-to-male bonding where males are involved -a sense of us (police) against them (the public, the media, women where men are involved) -the sense of defeat in whistleblowing before one even begins - the feeling one’s efforts won’t go far, that the system will work against the whistleblower -fake news in the media, fake lawsuits, blacks and other non-whites pulling cartel/ACLU strings to beef up a false or exaggerated case to make tons of money and get tons of exposure against cops in the news -as an extension of the above points, the general feeling the overall system is corrupt and ineffective -a general sense of damned if you do, and damned if you don’t -the sense that most everyone lies -the sense that everything is relative, no one sees, recalls or perceives things the same way -good cops have been blown away by the public and the system; the good ones got shot in the back and no one in the public gave a damn -pressure can come from other agencies outside the local police department; these other agencies might be seen as higher up (like federal) with more clout or importance (even if they are biased and corrupt and asking local officers to be unfair and dishonest regarding a member of the public) As an extension of he above, see New Mexico Corruption for some examples about how problems and corruption around any race of cop can impact their receiving fair treatment. People like judges and the head of the Attorney General’s Office are just about one particular group or another; currently the Attorney General’s Office is manned mostly, if not entirely by Hispanics, many of whom have very real racial issues against fair-skinned Caucasians (as of 2020). There have been other forms of corruption in other departments, as well, over the years lending favoritism and monetary support/gain to certain groups at the expense of others. Good cops cannot compete with media ganging up on them or system abuse. The peer pressure can include a buildup of bad behavior over time as a result of others doing it, being exposed to it, then finally jumping in and doing it personally, too. It can include saying bad things about women members of the public or the police force, using foul process and derogatory jokes or slights in the process. It can also include deliberately defying a person’s phone call by playing games around him or her and even trying to do the exact opposite. For example, a woman calls about a guy on steroids, the police using steroids in the department might try to go after her instead and to benefit the steroid user by asking him to join the police department. It can also include trying to take advantage of the a money exchange between people by getting the person to come pay someone at the police department instead of the member of the public. That police people in the course of police work might learn of an exchange of funds between members of the public,might try to divert the money toward themselves. Someone who has been targeting a member of the public from another agency that is corrupt - like the DEA, FBI, etc. - might be listening in on phone calls with the local police department, thinking the member of the public does not suspect it. This could be one source of the defiance, abuse, obstruction of justice, stealing or taking advantage financially and more. Another agency might be applying peer pressure to a local police department or officer. Psychological, Social Pressure NPR 2015/05/14 Police Rethink Tactics Amid New Technologies And Social Pressure https://www.npr.org/2015/05/14/406401018/police-rethink-tactics-amid-new-technologies-and-social- pressure TV IMAGE TV image simply refers to the impact police shows have had on the general public, “newbies” like police and detective trainees, and the ongoing feelings of police people with each other and the public. Young people with comparative little life experience might put too much belief in the TV shows, might have feelings of glamor or sex appeal. If women, they feel that women detectives are cool, together, powerful and competent, when all kinds of experiences for women can be possible in the real world of day-to-day police work and crime solving. And TV shows might not show how men can get the short end of the stick, too, from women…men can be passed over for promotions by minority women, for example, or any kind of female; sometimes it is more about political correctness or power games in the department, region or state than a fair shake about who is the most qualified (this statement is written by a woman at PF). Women can get “it” from men anywhere men have traditionally been the main players. Female police officer trainees need to know that the extra hardships women police officers face can make them go stale and hard fast so they are no longer emotionally and intellectually available for women in the public or anyone else. A dried out, non-innovative cop, no matter the gender, is more of a detriment than an asset. People might go in with starts in their eyes based on their favorite TV show characters and wind up cops who gloss and never get in beyond knee deep. Rather than soaking in competence, women officers might wind up the second gun, that is the so-called guy-gal the guys send in when dealing with members of the female public they don’t like; women cops might be used as proxies and to cover up deeper layers of corruption and antics mostly played out by guys at the department. If kept out of the real ring, female cops in this sense might be ignorant of the nuances of an issue and be sent in without fully understanding the scope of the situation. An example of this is a female activist and the Hispanic and white male cops have some kind of gender battle going on beneat the surface; they know the activist is a sniffer for male discrimination, so they send in a female cop. They might try to get that female cop to go warn or arrest the activist on a trumped up reason; the real reason is they men in the force are retaliating against the woman activist. So female cops can be “sent in” or “taken out” at certain critical moments. When taken away from a case or site, it could be because the male officers have something going on they do not want her to see. Female cops can be some of the most astute people in a department. Some enter detective work and have unusually high attention to detail and intuition for solving crime cases. Some have empathy for animals and work well with trained police dogs. Hispanic cops in New Mexico might have gotten into the work to make a difference after seing corrupt cops in their district tear up the place, batter women and drunks and make a joke out of their city and state, as well as put a mar on the reputations of Hispanics. They want to be strong and ethical and not get bogged into the corruption that their predecessors did. So too of other minorities, like Native Americans. They also don’t want to be like the corrupt white police officers they have seen on the news and around town. They want to be there for their people in a way neither their parents, grandparents, uncles or neighbors were. African American police officers might find real prejudice in jurisdictions around the country. At the same time, they could be influenced by the equivalent of war mongers, people who never dropped certain facets of the Vietnam Era civil rights movement, people who work with internationalists of various anti-American persuasions. These blacks can thus get involved in lawsuits that seem to go off on a whirwind tangent, far removed from the facts at hand. Others have experienced very real abuses in poor and crime-ridden areas and got into police work to try to make a difference by by being centered and ethical against corruption from both white and non-white groups. In summary, people might assume that TV cop shows would not have that much impact on why people go into policing. They would be wrong. TV Shows and other media International policing dramas - surprising to most people is how long of a list https //en wikipedia org/wiki/List_of_police_television_dramas 2019-2020 Top Crime Thrillers and TV shows - detectives https //thevore com/crime-thriller-tv-shows-detectives/ Tommy TV series https //en wikipedia org/wiki/Tommy_(TV_series) 19 True Crime Shows https //www bustle.com/p/19-true-crime-documentaries-on-netflix-right-now-that-will-have-you- questioning-everything-2440068 Excerpt on a couple of shows: Online bullying is a modern form of evil. Don't believe me? Check out Audrie & Daisy, Netflix's chilling documentary on how online bullies changed the lives of two teenage girls. Team Foxcatcher explores the true story of wrestler Dave Schultz, an Olympian who was killed by millionaire John du Pont after joining the private wrestling facility, Team Foxcatcher. The story was adapted into a major motion picture, Foxcatcher, in 2014. Ten Forgotten Shows of 1980s https //www metv com/lists/10-forgotten-cop-shows-of-the-1980s Updates: 2021/02/07 PBS-2019/05/27 and NPR-2015/05/14 were added; 2020/05/30 TV Image section started; 2020/02/16 Page started
Internal Pressures -Peer, etc. (POLICE-5)
Peer Pressure o Links List o Start Here o Peer Pressure o TV Image Steroids o Books o Dopers-Hoberman (2017) o Anabolic Steroid Use-Roberts (2015) o Steroids-Lucas o Other Resources o Other Steroid Issues - Public At Large o DEA Website - input on steroids o Articles by Year: Steroids, the police and public Alcohol Marijuana Comments/Notes
Resources and Input Policing, Borders, Drugs, Cartels and System Corruption
Topics Topics
POLICING SECTION 1-Blue Lives Matter 2-Police Positivity Heros/Friends 3-Police Prayer/Reflections Female Policing Persons Police Internal Issues o Peer Pressure o Steroids o Marijuana o Excess Alcohol Protocols (ie Miranda Rights) Seizures Science/Tech- Investigations o Bio o Psychol. o DNA Evidence Tech-Weapons