Terms (BORDERS-6)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Terms, Acts, Concepts, etc. that relate to Border Issues This portion was taken off 1b Monthly on Jan 23, 2023 as part of an overall update/editing process: Quick List: Reminders of Terminology, Leaders, etc. Title 42 Trump-era Title 42 emergency order Those taken into U.S. border custody in January were swiftly expelled to Mexico or their home countries -which the government has said remains necessary to curb the transmission of COVID-19 inside migrant detention facilities Mexico takes back migrants from the U.S. who are from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras or El Salvador MMP/Remain in Mexico from Trump era -reconstituted as court order in Biden era, includes voluntary COVID vaccines Here is an article from Nov. 202: https://nypost.com/2021/11/25/biden-set-to-reinstate-remain- in-mexico-policy-next-week/ Magnus: Chris Magnus Commissioner of the Border Patrol’s [Update: Magnus was moved out of this position] parent agency, Customs and Border Protection DHS-2021/12/13 Mayorkas swears Chris Magnus CBP commissioner https://www.dhs.gov/news/2021/12/13/secretary-mayorkas- swears-chris-magnus-cbp-commissioner also served as police chief in Fargo, ND Mayorkas: Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro N. Mayorkas [Update: Impeachment efforts again Jan 2023] DHS-2021/02/02 Alejandro Mayorkas Sworn in as Secretary of Homeland Security https://www.dhs.gov/news/2021/02/02/alejandro-mayorkas- sworn-secretary-homeland-security Terms, Abbreviations found in articles RGV agents = Rio Grande Valley Sector Border Patrol *A* BORDERS TERMS *B* *C* Cartels A cartel is a group of independent market participants who collude with each other in order to improve their profits and dominate the market. Cartels are usually associations in the same sphere of business, and thus an alliance of rivals. Most jurisdictions consider it anti-competitive behavior and have outlawed such practices. Cartel behavior includes price fixing, bid rigging, and reductions in output. The doctrine in economics that analyzes cartels is cartel theory. Cartels are distinguished from other forms of collusion or anti-competitive organization such as corporate mergers. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartel Coyotes Coyote refers to a person who smuggles humans from Mexico to the United States. Coyotes use a variety of techniques to smuggle immigrants over the border, including hiding their clients in trucks. Coyotes help people are unfamiliar with the visa application process, unwilling to wait, or unwilling to deal with the bureaucratic red tape involved. Regarding Immigration, what is a Coyote? (with pictures) www.infobloom.com/regarding-immigration-what-is-a-coyote.htm *D* Deportations Deportation refers to the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country. The term expulsion is often used as a synonym for deportation, though expulsion is more often used in the context of international law, while deportation is more used in national law. Forced displacement or forced migration of an individual or a group may be caused by deportation, for example ethnic cleansing, and other reasons. A person who has been deported or is under sentence of deportation is called a deportee. Wikipedia iconWikipedia Drones (see also Borders-General-Drones/Narco) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without any human pilot, crew or passengers on board. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS), which include additionally a ground- based controller and a system of communications with the UAV. The flight of UAVs may operate under remote control by a human operator, as remotely-piloted aircraft (RPA), or with various degrees of autonomy, such as autopilot assistance, up to fully autonomous aircraft that have no provision for human intervention. Wikipedia iconWikipedia *E* *F* Fixers The term has broad implications, depending on context. In general, it can mean someone who is a bridge between someone who wants something hard to get and the difficult source. It can be someone who takes a journalist to a hot story among dangerous cartels, “, living in the liminal space between reporters and organized crime.” (see documntary dot org below) It can be someone who arranges drug operations in one way or another. It can be someone with information who uses it to sell and make money. It can be someone who arranges things for personal profit. Examples: 2020/11/12--https://www.foxnews.com/world/chinese-cartels-mexico-us-drug-crisis https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/leader-sophisticated-drug-trafficking-organization-and-prolific-ally-sinaloa-cartel- sentenced 2021/11/19--https://www.documentary.org/feature/high-risk-low-return-life-fixer-latin-america *G* (Geofencing is the use of a GPS or radio frequency ID to define a virtual geographic perimeter and trigger an alert when a mobile device enters or leaves that perimeter.) This information was obtained through an investigation that tracked approximately 30,000 unique and anonymous mobile devices that were geofenced to 20 NGO locations along the border. https://patriotpost.us/articles/93570-whos-really-behind-the-border-crisis-2022-12-16 *H* Hybrid Warfare Examples: From Breitbart-2021/11/24: A“cynical ploy” orchestrated by Belarusian services facilitating the incursion attempts “to exhaust our soldiers and officers”…he statements come just days after Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki called Belarus’s use of migrants “hybrid warfare” and said that the actions of the Belarusian regime were the “greatest attempt to destabilise Europe” since the Cold War. “Europe, our common home, is threatened. At this very moment, a hybrid war is taking place on the Polish-Belarusian border which Alexander Lukashenko, with the backroom support of Vladimir Putin, has declared against the entire European Union,” the Polish leader said. See 2021/11/24--https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2021/11/24/hybrid-warfare-poland-predicts-long-drawn-out-belarus- border-crisis/ From the Epoch Times-2021/11/17: Pressure is mounting on the European Union (EU) to deal with the alleged weaponization of migrants by Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko. Lukashenko and his regime ordered thousands of migrants from the Middle East to be shipped to the EU borders in Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia… 2021/11/17--https://www.theepochtimes.com/lukshenko-hybrid-warfare-on-polish-and-baltic-borders-tests-eu-resolve- expert_4110313.html *I* *J* *K* *L* *M* Migrant Protection Protocols-see MPP below MPP Migrant Protection Protocols - 2018-December put in place by Trump Administration ; Biden suspended the protocols on 2021/01/20 Excerpt: The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) are a U.S. Government action whereby certain foreign individuals entering or seeking admission to the U.S. from Mexico – illegally or without proper documentation – may be returned to Mexico and wait outside of the U.S. for the duration of their immigration proceedings, where Mexico will provide them with all appropriate humanitarian protections for the duration of their stay. Migrant Protection Protocols | Homeland Security www.dhs.gov/news/2019/01/24/migrant-protection-protocols *N* Narcoterrorism Excerpt: Narcoterrorism, in its original context, is understood to refer to the attempts of narcotics traffickers to influence the policies of a government or a society through violence and intimidation, and to hinder the enforcement of anti-drug laws by the systematic threat or use of such violence. Pablo Escobar's violence in his dealings with the Colombian government is probably one of the most known and best documented examples of narcoterrorism. The term itself was coined by former President Fernando Belaúnde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nation's anti-narcotics police. As with most definitions of terrorism, it typically only refers to non-state actors…The term is being increasingly used for terrorist organizations that engage in drug trafficking activity to fund their operations and gain recruits and expertise. Such organizations include FARC, ELN, AUC in Colombia, PCP-SL in Peru, Hamas, Hezbollah, and the Taliban. A 2013 Congressional Research Service report noted that in 2003, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) reported that 14 of 36 (39%) of the groups designated by the U.S. as foreign terrorist organizations "were involved 'to some degree' in illicit narcotics activity" while in fiscal year 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) "reported that 29 of the top 63 international drug syndicates, identified as such on the consolidated priority organization target (CPOT) list, were associated with terrorists. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narcoterrorism NGO: a nonprofit organization that operates independently of any government, typically one whose purpose is to address a social or political issue: "thousands of people have been displaced, seeking refuge at police stations, churches, and temporary accommodation set up by NGOs" · "campaigns headed by Greenpeace and other NGOs" *O* *P* Pressing Pill Technologies Example: Calderon highlighted that smuggling and packaging techniques have also advanced in recent times, with cartels investing heavily in "pressing pill" technologies and moving from fentanyl-laced marijuana or heroin to regular pharmaceutical bottles and labels. These can be easily transported over-the-border and sold unbeknown to someone on the U.S. side seeking an oxycodone hookup. Indeed, this has made the synthetic drug especially deadly – just a hint sprinkled into a counterfeit pill can be fatal, not to mention highly addictive. 2020/11/12--https://www.foxnews.com/world/chinese-cartels-mexico-us-drug-crisis *Q* Qualified Immunity……………………51-on Police-Protocols-Miranda Rights, etc. *R* *S* Sanctuary cities (in North America) a city whose municipal laws tend to protect undocumented immigrants from deportation or prosecution, despite federal immigration law. "mayors in those cities reaffirmed their status as sanctuary cities" Sicarios Trained Assassins. “The CJNG is ruthless in their quest for money and power, and they now control 24 of Mexico's 32 states. They also have the firepower to back it up. "These individuals are individuals that, they call them 'sicarios' - trained assassins," Ruiz said.” See 2020-08-05--https://www.kvoa.com/news/digging-deeper/digging-deeper-new-cartel-expanding-power-beyond- mexico/article_af211ca7-0669-5b44-bc34-c2ead07f7b7d.html Stash Houses Noun 1. stash house - a house where weapons and supplies are hidden; "attacks on stash houses is the most frequently used method of counterterrorism" Stash house - definition of stash house by The Free Dictionary www.thefreedictionary.com/stash+house Examples: Agents collaborated with federal and state law enforcement agencies in Texas and New Mexico to rescue the individuals from harsh and less-than-humane conditions. The stash houses were located in the Fabens, San Elizario, El Paso and Chaparral communities. El Paso Border Patrol agents crack down on human smuggling ... www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/el-paso-border-patrol-agents-crack-down-on-human-smuggling-stash-houses/ar- CBP fights human smuggling and disease by shutting down filthy stash houses The large amount of stash houses in Laredo has translated into a 40% increase in the use of dangerous trailer conditions in the last year, as the smugglers try to move their human cargo out. Agents from the Nogales Border Patrol Station in https://www.cbp.gov/frontline/cbp-fights-human-smuggling-and-stash-houses *T* TCO’s The United States Department of Justice defines TCO’s as complex organizations with highly defined command and control structures that produce, transport, and/or distribute large quantities of one or more illicit drugs. The structure of many of these are of a paramilitary nature using armed combatants to protect their stock of illegal drugs from growth to delivery https://wikileaks.org/gifiles/attach/10/10431_US%20Army%20Transn.pdf Title 42 Health order prevents asylum to border immigrants in certain ways. March 2020 order from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) under Title 42 of US law; Stephen Miller’s desired border closure remains largely in place *U* *V* *WXYZ* Updates: 2023/01/27 NGOs and cell phone fences; 2021/12/2 fixers added; 2021/11/14 PAGE STARTED Borders-Terms;
Resources and Input Policing, Borders, Drugs, Cartels and System Corruption
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