Gypsies (CASE STUDY-18-International/Cultural)
The Con…Their world revolves around one thing - the family business: The "con."A Gypsy child is raised being told the tale of the young Gypsy boy who saved the life of Jesus. The tale (with some variation) tells of four nails made to be used in the crucifixion: one each for the hands of Jesus, one for his feet and the fourth, a nail of gold, for his heart. Late at night the Gypsy boy stole the golden nail, so when the crucifixion took place the next day, only three nails remained. God appears to the young Gypsy boy telling the child his act of thievery saved Jesus from having the nail plunged through his heart. In payment for the boy's deed, God allowed the Gypsies the right to steal with no moral consequences ... forever and ever. Gypsies choose a lifestyle of thievery, one that is as natural to them as eating and sleeping. This organized crime family, masters of fraud and false identification, does not associate with normal society and speaks a language rarely mastered outside the culture. Seldom caught, rarely prosecuted and almost never jailed, Gypsies even have their own court, known as a "kris" where all grievances (marriage, territory, debts, etc.) are resolved. They look upon the rest of society simply as their "prey. --- Gypsies and Nazis: Nazi Persecutions of gypsies During WWII Informative Resources USHMM: Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies), 1939–1945 Excerpt: Among the groups the Nazi regime and its Axis partners singled out for persecution on so-called racial grounds were the Roma (Gypsies). Drawing support from many non-Nazi Germans who harbored social prejudice towards Roma, the Nazis judged Roma to be "racially inferior." The fate of Roma in some ways paralleled that of the Jews. Under the Nazi regime, German authorities subjected Roma to arbitrary internment, forced labor, and mass murder. German authorities murdered tens of thousands of Roma in the German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union and Serbia and thousands more in the killing centers at Auschwitz- Birkenau, Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka. The SS and police incarcerated Roma in the Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Dachau, Mauthausen, and Ravensbrück concentration camps. Both in the so-called Greater German Reich and in the so-called Generalgouvernement, German civilian authorities managed several forced-labor camps in which they incarcerated Roma. The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies (2001) Author: Guenter Lewy Excerpt: Roaming the countryside in caravans, earning their living as musicians, peddlers, and fortune-tellers, the Gypsies and their elusive way of life represented an affront to Nazi ideas of social order, hard work, and racial purity. They were branded as "asocials," harassed, and eventually herded into concentration camps where many thousands were where many thousands were killed. But until now the story of their persecution has either been overlooked or distorted. In The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies, Guenter Lewydraws upon thousands of documents - many never before used - from German and Austrian archives to provide the most comprehensive and accurate study available of the fate of the Gypsies under the Nazi regime. Lewy traces the escalating vilification of the Gypsies as the Nazis instigated a widespread crackdown on the "work-shy" and "itinerants." But he shows that Nazi policy towards Gypsies was confused and changeable. At first, local officials persecuted gypsies, and those who behaved in gypsy-like fashion, for allegedly anti-social tendencies. Later, with the rise of race obsession, Gypsies were seen as a threat to German racial purity, though Himmler himself wavered, trying to save those he considered "pure Gypsies" descended from Aryan roots in India. Indeed, Lewy contradicts much existing scholarship in showing that, however much the Gypsies were persecuted, there was no general program of extermination analogous to the "final solution" for the Jews. Exploring in heart-rending detail the fates of individual Gypsies and their families, The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies makes an important addition to our understanding both of the history of this mysterious people and of all facets of the Nazi terror. Shared Sorrows: A Gypsy Family Remembers the Holocaust (2002) Toby Sonneman And the Violins Stopped Playing: A Story of the Gypsy Holocaust (1986) Alexander Ramati A Gypsy in Auschwitz (2000) Otto Rosenberg Weeping Violins: The Gypsy Tragedy in Europe (1996) Betty Alt and Silvia Folts Updates: Page started 01/11/2018 gypsiesnazis section updated 12/30/2016
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Gypsy Organized Crime Gypsies-Greek Gypsies- Victims of Nazis WWII Gypsy Organized Crime Problems with Stereotyping: “Gypsy is not a behavior but the name of an ethnic minority” --Oregon Live, Gypsy Crime Class Raises Questions Oregon Live: Gypsy Crime Class Raises Questions (2016/11) news/index.ssf/2016/11/gypsy_crime_class_raises_questions.html Another group often erroneously called or considered to be gypsy or Roma - Travelers Daily Mail: Neighbors from hell Meet gipsy family terrorising peaceful street (2009/08/15) gipsy-family-terrorising-peaceful-street.html Police Mag: Gypsies - Kings of Con (2001/06) con.aspx Excerpt from Police Mag-2001/06: We have all heard or know about organized crime. But did you know there is an organized crime family specializing in fraud that has successfully operated throughout the world for almost 2,000 years? Their success nets them millions, tax-free, every year. Less than 5% of their victims complain and when they do, are often met with laughter, mis-reporting or ignorance by law enforcement. Hence, prosecution is rare."Nobody cares! Not the bosses, not the prosecutors or even many judges. They don't want to hear about it ... until it happens to them, their families or a big-wig," -A Gypsy cop in Florida.. The crime family? Gypsies….True Gypsies are known as "Rom." However, "Gypsy cops" (the rare breed that they are) know there are Yugoslavian, Romanian, Russian, Polish and Hungarian Gypsies. Each group has its criminal specialty. There is also a group collectively known as the "Travelers." The Travelers are Irish, English or Scottish, not resembling the true Rom, but often included erroneously as Gypsy. Gypsies speak a language known as Romany. This is a spoken language derived from various Indo- European languages. There is no written Romany…The Rom Gypsy culture is fascinating, but also explains why the investigator has great difficulty in solving Gypsy crimes. Gypsies often lack any formal education. Most do not read or write, mainly because the children rarely attend school. Gypsies also shun organized society and the "gaje" (non-Gypsy). It's a tight-knit world and they keep it so.